Writing instructors began giving students more group work and found that, with guidance, students were able to identify and recognize areas that needed improvement in other students' papers, and that criticism also helped students recognize their own areas to strengthen [cite].
Complex sentences[ edit ] By definition a complex sentence is one that has a main clause which could stand alone and a dependent clause which cannot by itself be a sentence. Using a complex sentence is a great way to refer to the content of the paragraph above dependent clause and then bring in the content of the new paragraph the independent clause.
Here is a typical example: While the ant generally works for the benefit of the community, he also carries out duties for his own needs.
The beginning, dependent, clause probably refers to the content of a preceding paragraph that presented the ant as a community-focused worker.
As suggested by the main clause, which is the second within the sentence, the new paragraph will address how the ant works to benefit himself as well. Consider this example of a question for a topic sentence: This question refers to the content of the previous paragraph, but it introduces the content for the new one — how the budget cuts may not in fact be enough to balance the budget.
It merely hints that something new is about to be introduced. Pivots[ edit ] Pivot topic sentences will come somewhere in the middle of a paragraph, and usually announce that the content will be changing in a different direction.
These are often used when there are two differing opinions about something or when two "experts" are being quoted or referred to that may have a different opinion or approach to something.
A paragraph may begin something like this: Kubler and Kessler have identified 5 stages of grief — denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. And they have provided a detailed explanation of the symptoms and behaviors of each of these stages, so that those experiencing grief may identify which stage they are in at any given time and develop strategies with the help of their therapists, to move through those stages more effectively.
The first part of this paragraph addresses Kubler and Kessler; the second part will obviously address another opinion.
The topic sentence is underlined, to show the pivot point in the paragraph. Pivot topic sentences will always have some clue word, such as "yet," "sometimes," or "however.Good paragraph writing prompts allow students to write about what they know and like, so their focus can be on the writing process and using the four essential elements.
The 5-Step Writing Process: From Brainstorming to Publishing. Every writer follows his or her own writing process. Often the process is a routine that comes naturally and is not a step-by-step guide to which writers refer.
As specified in second grade writing standards, students begin by learning how to write a paragraph with a topic sentence and supporting details. Second-graders gain awareness of the audience they are writing for and write for different purposes.
When writing a process paragraph, follow these steps to write a strong topic sentence, logical detail sentences in the body and a solid conclusion.
Follow these steps to choose a good topic and write a well developed paragraph for your next assignment. In expository writing, a topic sentence is a sentence that summarizes the main idea of a paragraph.
It is usually the first sentence in a paragraph.. Also known as a focus sentence, it encapsulates or organizes an entire paragraph. Although topic sentences may appear anywhere in a paragraph, in academic essays they often appear at the beginning.
The topic sentence acts as a kind of summary.
What this handout is about This handout will help you understand how paragraphs are formed, how to develop stronger paragraphs, and how to completely and clearly express your ideas.
What is a paragraph? Paragraphs are the building blocks of papers. Continued.